Wotal, A., R. Ribson, and D. Weix. Stoichiometric Reactions of Acylnickel(II) Complexes With Electrophiles and the Catalytic Synthesis of Ketones. Organometallics, 5881.
|Abstract||Acylnickel(II) complexes feature prominently in cross-electrophile coupling (XEC) reactions that form ketones, yet their reactivity has not been systematically investigated. We present here our studies on the reactivity of acylnickel(II) complexes with a series of carbon electrophiles. Bromobenzene, alpha-chloroethylbenzene, bromooctane, and iodooctane were reacted with (dtbbpy)Ni-II(C(O)C5H11)(Br) (1b) and (dtbbpy)Ni-II(C(O)tolyl)(Br) (1c) to form a variety of organic products. While reactions with bromobenzene formed complex mixtures of ketones, reactions with alpha-chloroethylbenzene were highly selective for the cross-ketone product. Reactions with iodooctane and bromooctane also produced the cross-ketone product, but in intermediate yield and selectivity. In most cases the presence or absence of a chemical reductant (zinc) had only a small effect on the selectivity of the reaction. The coupling of 1c with iodooctane (60% yield) was translated into a catalytic reaction, the carbonylative coupling of bromoarenes with primary bromoalkanes (six examples, 60% average yield).|
|Keywords||acid-chlorides, aryl-halides, benzyl halides, carbon-monoxide, electrochemical synthesis, electrosynthesis, nickel-carbonyl, organic halides, reductive conjugate addition, unactivated alkyl-halides|